This 70th week of Daniel Bible study provides the study notes from the Geneva Bible for the 70 weeks of Daniel prophecy.
The Geneva Bible was written in the 16th century and it includes study notes authored by John Calvin, John Knox, Miles Coverdale, and many other leaders of the Reformation.
They provide a simple explanation of the fulfillment of the 70 weeks of Daniel, and show that the Messiah fulfilled the 70th week, so it is not a future 7-year tribulation period as so many people speculate.
The prophecy is about Messiah coming to offer a New Covenant to the House of Israel and the House of Judah, fulfilling Jeremiah 31:31-33.
“Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah– not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the Lord. But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.“
It is about the Jews and their return to rebuild Jerusalem and them temple, and to prepare for the promised Messiah.
It is not about the end times, not the antichrist.
9:24 Seventy(p) weeks are determined upon (q) thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the (r) transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
(p) He alludes to Jeremiahs prophecy, who prophesied that their captivity would be seventy years: but now Gods mercy would exceed his judgment seven times as much, which would be 490 years, even until the coming of Christ, and so then it would continue forever.
(q) Meaning Daniels nation, over whom he was careful.
(r) To show mercy and to put sin out of remembrance.
9:25 Know therefore and understand, [that] from (s) the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince [shall be] seven (t) weeks, and (u) threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.
(s) That is, from the time that Cyrus gave them permission to depart.
(t) These weeks make forty-nine years, of which forty-six are referred to the time of the building of the temple, and three to the laying of the foundation.
(u) Counting from the sixth year of Darius, who gave the second commandment for the building of the temple are sixty-two weeks, which make 434 years, which comprehend the time from the building of the temple until the baptism of Christ.
9:26 And after threescore and two (x) weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but (y) not for himself: and the people of the (z) prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
(x) In this week of the seventy, will Christ come and preach and suffer death.
(y) He will seem to have no beauty, nor to be of any estimation; ( Isaiah 53:2 ).
(z) Meaning Titus, Vespasians son, who would come and destroy both the temple, and the people, without any hope of recovery.
9:27 And he (a) shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to (b) cease, (c) and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
(a) By the preaching of the Gospel he affirmed his promise, first to the Jews, and after to the Gentiles.
(b) Christ accomplished this by his death and resurrection.
(c) Meaning that Jerusalem and the sanctuary would be utterly destroyed because of their rebellion against God, and their idolatry: or as some read, that the plague will be so great, that they will all be astonished at them.
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